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Animal Care Worker & Supervisor
Median wages (2013)$20.90 hourly, $43,480 annual
Employment (2012)46,000 employees

Projected job openings (2012-2022)9,700


  • Observe animals for signs of illness, injury, or unusual behavior, notifying veterinarians or managers as warranted.
  • Monitor animal care, maintenance, breeding, or packing and transfer activities to ensure work is done correctly.
  • Train workers in animal care procedures, maintenance duties, and safety precautions.
  • Treat animal illnesses or injuries, following experience or instructions of veterinarians.
  • Assign tasks such as feeding and treatment of animals, and cleaning and maintenance of animal quarters.
  • Perform the same animal care duties as subordinates.
  • Prepare reports concerning facility activities, employees' time records, and animal treatment.
  • Confer with managers to determine production requirements, conditions of equipment and supplies, and work schedules.
  • Study feed, weight, health, genetic, production records to determine feed formulas, rations and breeding schedules.
  • Direct and assist workers in maintenance and repair of facilities.

Types of Tools & Technology

Animal husbandry equipment — Debeakers; Dehorners; Feed wagons; Tail dockers
Egg inspection or collecting equipment — Egg candlers; Egg grading machines; Egg washing machines
Milking machines — Milk separators; Milking equipment
Veterinary injection or suction units or accessories:  Animal injection syringes; Animal vaccination syringes; Balling guns; Veterinary intravenous IV sets
Veterinary nail trimmers or cutters — Hoof trimmers; Nail trimmers

Calendar and scheduling software — Employee scheduling software
Data base user interface and query software — Cattlesoft CattleMax; Data entry software; Lion Edge Technologies Ranch Manager software; Valley Agricultural Software DairyCOMP 305
Enterprise resource planning ERP software — Midwest MicroSystems Cow Sense
Expert system software — Valley Agricultural Software Feed Watch
Spreadsheet software


Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.


Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.


Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Work Activities

Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.

Animal Breeder
  • Feed and water animals, and clean and disinfect pens, cages, yards, and hutches.
  • Examine animals to detect symptoms of illness or injury.
  • Place vaccines in drinking water, inject vaccines, or dust air with vaccine powder to protect animals from diseases.
  • Select animals to be bred, and semen specimens to be used, according to knowledge of animals, genealogies, traits, and desired offspring characteristics.
  • Treat minor injuries and ailments and contact veterinarians to obtain treatment for animals with serious illnesses or injuries.
  • Observe animals in heat to detect approach of estrus and exercise animals to induce or hasten estrus, if necessary.
  • Record animal characteristics such as weights, growth patterns, and diets.
  • Exhibit animals at shows.
  • Build hutches, pens, and fenced yards.
  • Clip or shear hair on animals.

Tools & Technology

Animal husbandry equipment — Animal pregnancy testing kits; Dehorners; Ovulation prediction monitors; Semen collection kits
Artificial inseminating machine — Horse breeding chutes
Hydrometers — Densimeters; Sperm counters
Livestock identification equipment — Branding equipment; Ear tagging equipment; Microchip scanners; Tattoo equipment
Veterinary injection or suction units or accessories — Animal blood collection syringes; Animal vaccination syringes; Artificial insemination syringes; Lethal injection equipment   
Technology used in this occupation:
Analytical or scientific software — Questionmark Perception; Respondus software; VSN International GenStat
Data base user interface and query software — Breedtrak *; KinTraks; Reudink Software ZooEasy; Winners Programs BirdStud
Electronic mail software — Email software
Internet browser software — Microsoft Internet Explorer *
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel  
Median wages (2013) $18.24 hourly, $37,950 annual
Employment (2012) 1,000 employees

Projected job openings (2012-2022) 400

Animal Scientist

Median wages (2013) $30.89 hourly, $64,260 annual
Employment (2012) 3,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 1,200
Farm Advisor

Median wages (2013) $22.29 hourly, $46,370 annual
Employment (2012) 14,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 2,500
Farm Manager
Median wages (2013) $33.71 hourly, $70,110 annual
Employment (2012) 931,000 employees

Projected job openings (2012-2022) 150,200

Median wages (2013) $27.61 hourly, $57,430 annual
Employment (2012) 20,000 employees

Projected job openings (2012-2022) 6,700